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專題


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:朱亦丹(簡介並寄信)
編輯:朱學(簡介並寄信)

小組報告專題講授

目的

專題的目的在於應用你的技能對一些有關游離輻射觀念的媒體報導、網站等等的內容作一評論性的分析。

分組

依照參與此課的人數,將三位學生分成一組。每組的成員須負責專題的1/3,且每位成員在期末報告中必須負責一部份。

專題

  1. 尋找有詳細介紹某一游離輻射觀點的網站、廣告或其他媒體報導。
  2. 接著對有關某一特別游離輻射觀點之研究的科學/習學文獻進行評估。
  3. 在第12次課程,以電子郵件繳交含有幾句描述的專案主題給Coderre教授。他將決定是否核准該專題或建議修改或改變題目。
  4. 在第28次課程,提交一頁的題目摘要與列出十個左右引用到的主要科學文獻﹔你可引用評論論文,但主要文獻中至少要有5篇論文。摘要應在第28次課程時以電子郵件送交給 Coderre 教授。
  5. 在第36次課程,依下列格式準備十頁的書面報告:
    • 標題頁包括專題標題、小組成員與約100字的摘要。
    • 要有一頁的背景資料說明主題與這主題的主要來源。
    • 6-8頁討論其主張的療效或效應的科學/機械理論基礎,並強調這效應的物理或化學或分子理論基礎。這部份應著重在來自活體研究(培養的細胞、隔離的生物分子等等)、動物研究、與其他人類臨床研究的任何事證。重點在於對其主張與文獻研究的關鍵評估。
    • 1-2頁的討論與你們的結論陳述。你是否同意文獻中有關游離輻射的主張?解釋之。關鍵在於評估其主張與文獻中的證據並支持或駁斥其主張。
    • 參考文獻列表應有文章標題、作者、出版年代、期刊名稱、卷數與頁數。

  6. 以你們的專題準備15-20分鐘的口頭報告,每位成員應負責報告的1/3。在最後兩次課程進行口頭報告。請利用微軟的R PowerpointR 準備你們的口頭報告,現場會提供一部電腦與投影器。

截止期限

上課次數 活動
12 繳交選擇的專題題目
28 繳交一頁附有參考文獻的概述
36 在上課前繳交最後報告
36, 37 口頭專題報告


分組報告主題範例(取自前幾年)
  • 中子活化分析
  • 放射免疫治療
  • 低劑量游離輻射的風險
  • 放射年代測定
  • 輻射防護標準的評估
  • 中子偵測與劑量學
  • 空航的輻射風險
  • 微中子:物理、發現與目前進行的實驗
  • 二次世界大戰中使用原子彈背後的決策
  • 在PSI(Paul Scherrer Institute)的分裂中子源
  • 宇宙航行的宇宙輻射重要性
  • 重水在二次世界大戰中的影響
  • 放射核種造影:單光子射出斷層攝影(SPECT)
  • 增值式反應器
  • 以染色體缺失作為生物劑量計
  • 在勞侖斯國家實驗室的危急意外
  • 車諾比:發生了什麼事?
  • 氣泡偵檢器
  • 藉由核反應器與加速器製造同位素
  • 正子射出斷層攝影
  • 車諾比意外的健康結果
  • 核燃料週期造成的劑量
  • 中子捕獲治療
  • 胖男人與小男孩:在二次世界大中所用原子彈的差異與類似處
  • 加速器造成的廢料質變
  • 高強度核廢料儲存策略



Term Paper/Project Instructions

Goal

The goal of this project is to apply your skills in critical analysis to claims made in the popular press, web sites, etc. about some aspect of ionizing radiation.

Teams

Depending on the number of students enrolled, the class will be divided into teams of 3 students. Members of each team will take responsibility for one-third of the project and each team member will be responsible for a portion of the final presentation.

Project

  1. Find a web site, advertisement, or other feature in the lay press that deals with an aspect of ionizing radiation.
  2. Proceed to the scientific/medical literature to evaluate the extent to which the claims made about the particular aspect of ionizing radiation have been studied.
  3. By day 12, present the topic to Prof. Coderre by email with several sentences of description. The topic will be approved or suggestions will be made for modifying or changing the topic.
  4. By day 28, present a one page summary of the topic and a list of ten or fewer citations from the primary scientific literature; you may cite review articles, but there must be at least five articles from the primary literature. The summary should be sent by email to Prof. Coderre by day 28.
  5. By day 36, prepare a ten page paper in the following format:
    • Title page containing project title, group members and a 100 word abstract.
    • One page background section describing the topic and the primary source for the topic.
    • 6-8 page section discussing the scientific/mechanistic basis for the claimed therapy or effect, with emphasis physical or chemical or molecular basis for the effect. This section should address any evidence from in vitro studies (cultured cells, isolated biomolecules, etc.), studies in animals, and any available human clinical studies. The major emphasis here should be on critical evaluation of the claim and the literature studies.
    • 1-2 page discussion and statement of your conclusions. Do you agree with the claims made for or about ionizing radiation? Explain. Critically evaluate the claim and evidence in the literature to support or refute the claim.
    • Reference list complete with title of the article, authors, publication year, journal name, volume and page numbers.

  6. Prepare a 15-20 minute presentation of your project with each team member responsible for one-third of the presentation. Presentations will be made during the last two class periods. Please prepare your presentation using Microsoft® Powerpoint®; a computer and digital projector will be provided.

Deadlines

ACTIVITY
12 Topic selection due
28 One page outline with reference list due
36 Final paper due at the beginning of class
36, 37 Project presentations


Sample Term Paper Topics (from previous years)
  • Neutron Activation Analysis
  • Radioimmunotherapy
  • Risks of Low Level Ionizing Radiation
  • Radio-dating
  • Evolution of Radiation Protection Standards
  • Neutron Detection and Dosimetry
  • Radiation Risk from Airline Travel
  • Neutrinos: Physics, Discovery and Current Experiments
  • Decision-making behind A-Bomb use in WWII
  • The Spallation Neutron Source at PSI
  • Consequences of Cosmic Radiation for Space Travel
  • The Influence of Heavy Water in WWII
  • Radionuclide Imaging: SPECT
  • Breeder Reactors
  • Chromosomal Aberrations as Biological Dosimeters
  • Criticality Accident at Los Alamos
  • Chernobyl: What Happened?
  • Bubble Detectors
  • Isotope Production via Nuclear-Reactors and Accelerators
  • Positron Emission Tomography
  • Health Consequences of the Chernobyl Accident
  • Dose Associated with the Nuclear Fuel Cycle
  • Neutron Capture Therapy
  • Fat Man and Little Boy: Differences and Similarities in A-Bombs used in WWII
  • Accelerator-based Transmutation of Waste
  • Strategies for High Level Nuclear Waste Disposal

 

 
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