MIT OpenCourseWare

作業


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:陳品妤(簡介並寄信)
編輯:陳玉侖(簡介並寄信)

作業包含一篇期刊課堂口頭報告(10張幻燈片), 針對其他學生報告的期刊論文作短篇概要, 一份10-15頁的書面報告(選擇性)。

期末書面報告

對於這項作業請記住:

重點放在大腦-行為的關係上。

批判性分析資料,不要只是作總結整理。

當評論研究時,確定開放性的議題(特別是“如何”和“為什麼”的問題),並藉著看額外的研究論文和/或分析你搜集的資訊以說明之。

建議之報告主題

可以選擇下列之一的主題作為報告主題或自行擬定報告主題,但是如果是自行擬題的話,請在開始寫報告之前向Corkin教授和課程助理說明你自己的主題。

  • 覺醒的次皮質神經傳導系統。
  • 手語的神經基礎(Bellugi與Corina的科學論文)。
  • 小腦在語言計算的角色。
  • 猴子與人類的工作記憶的神經基礎。
  • 小腦在認知的角色。
  • 內隱記憶的神經基質。
  • 睡眠與作夢。
  • 注意力的機制。
  • 壓力對大腦的影響。
  • 語言的腦半球特化。
  • 動物的腦半球特化。
  • 胼肢體切開手術對行為的影響。
  • 神經傳導物質-行為的關連,例如,乙醯膽鹼、多巴胺、 正腎上腺素。
  • 腦組織中兩性不同之處,例如 Doreen Kimura的研究。
  • 性向與大腦組織的關係。
  • 幻肢現象的機制。
  • 平行的視覺途徑有交互作用嗎?
  • 記憶缺失症的靈長類模式:特定中顳葉區域的貢獻。
  • 重接大腦線路: 你的聽覺皮質能夠”看”嗎? (Mriganka Sur在視覺/聽覺的研究成果).
  • 解決心像的辯論:我們是以圖像思考還是以陳述思考? (Kosslyn, Pylyshyn, Shepard, Pinker對心像的研究)。
  • 威廉氏徵候群與它牽連認知結構的意含 (Bellugi, Carey)。
  • 語言的基因研究: 特定語言損傷; 唐氏徵候群; 慣用手與剖析(例如,Bever對慣用手的研究; Dorothy Bishop)。
  • 類別知覺是否與情緒知覺有關聯? 有情緒的類別嗎 (Etcoff)。
  • 認知的演化:認知機能是特定的演化改變或是大腦尺寸普遍增加的結果? (例如, Pinker與Bloom)。
  • 失語症之神經語言分析。
  • 特定語意的缺失。
  • 盲視(Weiskrantz, Cowey)。
  • 跨越的失語症(右腦半球的語言表徵)。
  • 空間忽略。
  • 小腦在時間測定的角色。
  • 由個別神經元轉錄在大腦皮質上的動作的參數。
  • 基底神經節的功能。
  • 失動症。
  • 典型慣用右手者右大腦半球的語言功能。

 

Assignments include a journal article presentation (10 slides), short synopses of journal articles presented by students, and an optional 10-15 page paper.

Final Papers

Things to remember about this assignment:

Focus on brain-behavior relationships.

Critically analyze your source information, don't just summarize it.

As you review your research, identify open issues (particularly 'how' and 'why' questions) and address them by looking at additional research articles and/or analyzing the information you have gathered.

Suggested Paper Topics

You can choose one of these topics for your paper or make up one of your own, but if you come up with your own topic, please run it by Prof. Corkin and the Teaching Assistant before you begin.

  • Subcortical neurotransmitter systems of arousal.
  • Neural basis of sign language (Science papers by Bellugi and Corina).
  • Role of the cerebellum in language computations.
  • Neural basis of working memory in monkeys and humans.
  • Role of the cerebellum in cognition.
  • Neural substrates for implicit memory.
  • Sleep and dreaming.
  • Mechanisms of attention.
  • Effects of stress on the brain.
  • Hemispheric specialization for language.
  • Hemispheric specialization in animal.
  • Behavioral effects of callosotomy.
  • Neurotransmitter-behavior correlations, e.g., acetylcholine, dopamine, norepinephrine.
  • Sex differences in brain organization, e.g., Doreen Kimura's research.
  • Relation between sexual orientation and brain organization.
  • Mechanisms of phantom limb phenomena.
  • Do the parallel visual channels interact?
  • Primate models of amnesia: Contribution of specific medial temporal-lobe areas.
  • Rewiring the brain: Can your auditory cortex "see"? (Mriganka Sur's work on vision/audition).
  • Resolving the imagery debate: Do we think in pictures or in propositions? (Kosslyn, Pylyshyn, Shepard, Pinker on mental imagery).
  • William's syndrome and its implications for cognitive architecture (Bellugi, Carey).
  • Genetic studies of language: specific language impairment; Down's syndrome; handedness and parsing (e.g., Bever's work on handedness; Dorothy Bishop).
  • Is categorical perception relevant to the perception of emotion? Are there categories of emotion? (Etcoff).
  • Evolution of cognition: Are cognitive faculties the result of specific evolutionary changes or a consequence of general increase in brain size? (e.g., Pinker and Bloom).
  • Neurolinguistic analysis of aphasia.
  • Semantically specific deficits.
  • Blindsight (Weiskrantz, Cowey).
  • Crossed aphasia (right-hemisphere language representation).
  • Spatial neglect.
  • Role of the cerebellum in timing.
  • Movement parameters coded by individual neurons in cortex.
  • Functions of the basal ganglia.
  • The apraxias.
  • Right-hemiphere language functions in the typical right-hander.