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課程來源:MIT
     

CMS.801 2004秋季課程:轉變中的媒體(Media in Transition, Fall 2004)

翻譯:張臻

編輯:馬景文 陳盈

 
A unique typewriter design, with keys arranged in a circular/arc pattern.
Malling Hansen,1867年的書寫球:尼采的打印機模型。尼采在給Peter Gast的信中寫道:“我們的書寫工具也在影響我們的思想。”(由Stiftung Weimarer Klassik提供Goethe-Schiller檔案。授權使用。)
Malling Hansen, Writing Ball, 1867: a model of Nietzsche's typewriter. "Our writing tools are also working on our thoughts." (Nietzsche in a letter to Peter Gast.) (Courtesy of the Stiftung Weimarer Klassik, Goethe-Schiller Archive. Used with permission.)

課程重點

本課程特點是由廣泛的閱讀清單,以及學生作業專題的範例。

This course features an extensive list of readings and examples of students' assignments  and projects.

課程描述

本課程集中於媒體科技的形式和功能被徹底改變的歷史時代,包括思考“古騰堡革命”,現代大衆傳媒的崛起和“數位革命”,以及媒體轉型與文化變革的案例探討。閱讀內容涵蓋文化與社會歷史及編史學的方法。 (註:古騰堡Gutenberg, Johannes 1400-1468,發明活版印刷的德國人)

This course centers on historical eras in which the form and function of media technologies were radically transformed. It includes consideration of the "Gutenberg Revolution," the rise of modern mass media, and the "digital revolution," among other case studies of media transformation and cultural change. Readings cover cultural and social history and historiographic methods.
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原文聲明
 

 

 

課程描述

本課程旨在介紹媒體在各時期的變化;也介紹媒體從一個形式到另一個形式的進化(和退化)。我們將用 數周的時間集中探討較為理論性的問題,例如媒體和人類意識之間的不斷變化關係,或者在媒體變化中“革命”的概念。其他時間將把重點放在特別的變化時刻及其 社會、政治、文化及經濟的意義。課程基本上按年代順序進行,目的不是要建立全面檢視兩千年來西方媒體改變的假像(這任務是不可能,也不討好!)。這門課反 而應該開啓主要是歷史性的新觀點,幫助更深入瞭解當今的比較媒體。同時,你們也可從我們的共同探討中得到一些對碩士論文有幫助的想法和比較。

課程要求

第一次上課時,每個學員要報名參加課堂陳述報告,主題來自共同的閱讀材料。報告內容要顧及每堂課的 必讀和補充閱讀材料。此外,學生要仔細閱讀每周的必讀教材,並準備在堂上和小組分享有意思的問題和觀點。最後,每位研討會成員要準備一篇大約二十頁的期末 論文。在某些明確的情况下,並徵得講師同意,期末論文可以由一個內容充實的數位專題替代。最後兩節課將用於這些專題的口頭報告。口頭報告及期末論文的指導 將在堂上分發。

評分

作業及任務將按下列比例來衡量,從而决定期末成績:

活動 百分比
課堂報告 30%
每周課堂參與 20%
期末論文 / 專題 40%
期末專題的口頭報告 10%

Course Description

This class is intended to provide an introduction to changes in media over time; we will also consider moments of "transition" (and regression) from one media form to another. Some weeks will focus on more theoretical questions, such as the changing relationship of media and human consciousness, or the concept of "revolution" in media change, while others will focus on particular moments of transition and their social, political, cultural, and economic implications. We will proceed in a roughly chronological order. Our goal is not to create the illusion of a complete survey of media change in the West over the past two thousand years (an impossible, and thankless, assignment!). Rather, the class should open up new perspectives, primarily historical, that will add depth to your thinking about comparative media today. Some of you may also glean ideas and comparisons from our work together that will be useful for your master's thesis.

Course Requirements

At our first meeting, each participant will sign up for a class presentation on a theme suggested by our common readings. Presentations will take into account required and supplemental reading for each class session. In addition, students are expected to read carefully the required readings for each week, and come to class prepared to share thoughtful questions and comments with the group. Lastly, each seminar member will prepare a final paper of approximately twenty pages in length. In certain well-defined situations, a substantial digital project may, with the consent of the instructor, be substituted for the final paper. The last two class sessions will be devoted to oral presentations of these projects. Instructions for oral presentations and the final paper will be handed out in class.

Grading

Assignments and responsibilities will be weighted as follows in determining the final grade:

ACTIVITIES PERCENTAGES
Class Presentation 30%
Weekly Class Participation 20%
Final Paper / Project 40%
Oral Presentation of Final Project 10%

 

 

 
課 課程單元
1 概述
Introduction
2 架構問題
Framing Questions
3 古抄本和中世紀的作家與讀者
Codex Books and Medieval Writers and Readers
4 印刷革命的辯論
Debating the Print Revolution
5 印刷術及科學革命
參觀Burndy 圖書館

Printing and the Scientific Revolution
A Visit to the Burndy Library
6 舞臺和書頁,從文藝復興到浪漫主義
The Stage and the Page, Renaissance to Romanticism
7 現代性、媒體轉變及其意義:十九世紀
Modernity, Media Change and Meaning: The Nineteenth Century
8 視覺:早期攝影
(客座講師:歷史系David Ciarlo教授)

Vision: Early Photography
(Guest Lecturer: Prof. David Ciarlo, History Faculty)
9 聲音:留聲機的製造
Sound: The Making of the Phonograph
10 動作:早期電影及其社會文化背景
Motion: Early Film and Its Social and Cultural Contexts
11 現狀:數位革命?
The Situation Today: A Digital Revolution?
12 陳述報告 I
Presentations I
13 陳述報告II
Presentations II

 
閱讀材料和課堂教科書
Readings and Course Texts

研討會參與者每周必須完成所有的必讀材料,另外盡量參考清單上的補充讀物。希望各位購買以下五本書,因爲我們要閱讀這些書的大部份或全部:
Seminar participants must do all required readings each week. In addition, they may wish to consult some of the supplemental readings on the list. You may wish to purchase these five books, as we will be reading most or all of them:

Ong, Walter《口頭表達和讀寫能力: 文字科技化》 London:Routledge,2002。ISBN: 0415281296。
Ong, Walter. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London: Routledge, 2002. ISBN: 0415281296.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth《現代歐洲早期的印刷革命》 New York:Cambridge University Press,1993。 ISBN:0521277353。
Eisenstein, Elizabeth. The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN: 0521277353.

Peters, Julie Stone《書籍的劇場,1480-1880年歐洲的印刷、文本及表演》New York:Oxford University Press,2000。ISBN:0198187149。
Peters, Julie Stone. Theatre of the Book, 1480-1880: Print, Text, and Performance in Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN: 0198187149.

Crary, Jonathan 《觀察者的技巧:論十九世紀的視覺與現代性》 Cambridge, MA: MIT Press,1990。 ISBN: 0262031698。
Crary, Jonathan. Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990. ISBN: 0262031698.

Gitelman, Lisa《手稿、唱片凹槽與書寫機器:代表愛迪生時代的科技》Stanford, CA:Stanford University Press, 1999。ISBN:0804738726。
Gitelman, Lisa. Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing Technology in the Edison Era. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999. ISBN: 0804738726.

如果您想閱讀歐洲及美國的相關歷史背景,我推薦以下兩本讀物:
Some of you may wish to do some background reading in European and United States history. I recommend the following two textbooks:

Nash, Gary B. 等《美國人:創建一個國家和一個社會》New York: Longman, 2003. ISBN: 0321094328 (v. 1), 0321094301 (v. 2).
Nash, Gary B., et al. The American People: Creating a Nation and a Society. New York: Longman, 2003. ISBN: 0321094328 (v. 1), 0321094301 (v. 2).

Hunt, Lynn等《西方的形成:民族與文化》Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 2001. ISBN: 0312183704.
Hunt, Lynn, et al. The Making of the West: Peoples and Cultures. Boston, MA: Bedford/St. Martin's Press, 2001. ISBN: 0312183704.

課 課程單元 閱讀資料
1 概述
Introduction
 
2 架構問題
Framing Questions
必讀材料
Required Readings

Ong, Walter。《口頭表達和讀寫能力:文字科技化Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word》London: Routledge, 2002, 1-155頁. ISBN: 0415281296.
Ong, Walter. Orality and Literacy: The Technologizing of the Word. London: Routledge, 2002, pp. 1-155. ISBN: 0415281296.

正體譯本
麥克魯漢《認識媒體:人的延伸》鄭明萱譯,貓頭鷹出版社,2006年,ISBN:9789867001061 麥克魯漢《傳播工具新論》葉明德、祝振華譯(1978)台北:巨流。

簡體譯本
麥克盧漢《人的延伸︰媒介通論》何道寬譯,四川人民出版社,1992年。
McLuhan, Marshall 《Understanding Media》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994重刊 (1964初刊), 3-73頁. ISBN: 0262631598.
McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994 (rpt. 1964), pp. 3-73. ISBN: 0262631598.

補充讀物
Supplemental Readings

Ong, Walter《對話的分支、方法與衰退Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue》Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1958.
Ong, Walter. Ramus, Method, and the Decay of Dialogue. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1958.

——《文字的存在The Presence of the Word》New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1967. ISBN: 0300099738.
Ibid. The Presence of the Word. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1967. ISBN: 0300099738.

——《文字的界面Interfaces of the Word》Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1977. ISBN: 080141105X.
Ibid. Interfaces of the Word. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1977. ISBN: 080141105X.

Goody Jack與Ian Watt合著〈讀寫的結果The consequences of literacy〉於Jack Goody編輯《傳統社會中的讀寫能力Literacy in Traditional Societies》London: Cambridge University Press, 1968, 27-68頁. ISBN: 0521073456.【〈讀寫的結果〉是Goody和文學學者Ian Watt合著的一篇概述非工業化社會中的讀寫的綜合性論文。隨後還有其他專家,主要是人類學家,撰寫的一系列文章。】
Goody, Jack, and Ian Watt. "The consequences of literacy." In Literacy in Traditional Societies. Edited by Jack Goody. London: Cambridge University Press, 1968, pp. 27-68. ISBN: 0521073456. [Synthetic, introductory essay by Goody and Ian Watt, a literary scholar, entitled "The Consequences of Literacy", followed by a series of essays by other specialists, mostly anthropologists, on literacy in non-industrialized societies.]

——《野性思想的馴化The Domestication of the Savage Mind》Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1977. ISBN: 0521217261.
Ibid. The Domestication of the Savage Mind. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1977. ISBN: 0521217261.

——《寫作邏輯和社會構成The Logic of Writing and the Organization of Society》Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1986. ISBN: 0521339626.
Ibid. The Logic of Writing and the Organization of Society. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1986. ISBN: 0521339626.
——《書面與口頭的分界The Interface Between the Written and the Oral》Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1987. ISBN: 0521337941.

Ibid. The Interface Between the Written and the Oral. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1987. ISBN: 0521337941.

——《書寫傳統的力量The Power of the Written Tradition》Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000. ISBN: 0252068521.
Ibid. The Power of the Written Tradition. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000. ISBN: 0252068521.

Williams Raymond《電視:科技與文化形式》馮建三譯,台北遠流正體譯本,1992年
Williams, Raymond〈科技與社會The Technology and the Society〉《電視:科技與文化形式Television: Technology and Cultural Form》New York: Schocken Books, 1975, 9-31頁
Williams, Raymond. "The Technology and the Society." In Television: Technology and Cultural Form. New York: Schocken Books, 1975, pp. 9-31.

Lowe, Donald M.《中産階級感知的歷史History of Bourgeois Perception》Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. ISBN: 0226494284.
Lowe, Donald M. History of Bourgeois Perception. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. ISBN: 0226494284.
3 Codex Books and Medieval Writers and Readers 必讀材料
Required Readings


O'Donnell, James J.〈從古抄本到主頁From the Codex Page to the Home Page〉《文字的化身:從草製紙張到網絡空間Avatars of the Word: From Papyrus to Cyberspace》Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998, 50-70頁. ISBN: 0674055454.
O'Donnell, James J. "From the Codex Page to the Home Page." In Avatars of the Word: From Papyrus to Cyberspace. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998, pp. 50-70. ISBN: 0674055454.

Clanchy,Michael T. 〈寫作的科技The Technology of Writing〉和〈文檔的保存和使用The Preservation and Use of Documents〉《從記憶到文字存檔From Memory to Written Record》。第二版。 Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1993, 115-84頁. ISBN: 0801441056.
Clanchy, Michael T. "The Technology of Writing," and "The Preservation and Use of Documents." In From Memory to Written Record. 2nd ed. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 1993, pp. 115-84. ISBN: 0801441056.

Saenger, Paul《默讀:對中世紀末的手抄本及社會的影響Silent Reading: Its Impact on Late Medieval Script and Society》《旅行者Viator》13 (1982):367-414。
Saenger, Paul. "Silent Reading: Its Impact on Late Medieval Script and Society." Viator 13 (1982): 367-414.

Lindisfarne手抄本福音書The Lindisfarne Gospels
The Lindisfarne Gospels

Kells手抄本圖片Book of Kells Images
Book of Kells Images

Manuscript collection, Bodleian Library (Oxford), 11th-17th Centuries11—17世紀手稿,Bodleian圖書館 (牛津) 藏品
Manuscript collection, Bodleian Library (Oxford), 11th-17th Centuries

中世紀英語標識籤 Medieval English tally sticks
Medieval English tally sticks

補充閱讀
Supplemental Readings


Roberts,C. H.和T. C. Skeat《古抄本的誕生The Birth of the Codex》New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. ISBN: 0197260241.
Roberts, C. H., and T. C. Skeat. The Birth of the Codex. New York: Oxford University Press, 1983. ISBN: 0197260241.

Reynolds, L. D.和 N. G. Wilson《抄寫與學者:希臘與拉丁文學的傳播指南Scribes and Scholars: A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature》New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. ISBN: 0198721463.
Reynolds, L. D., and N. G. Wilson. Scribes and Scholars: A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. ISBN: 0198721463.

McKitterick, Rosamond《Carolingian王朝與文字The Carolingians and the Written Word》New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. ISBN: 0521315654.
McKitterick, Rosamond. The Carolingians and the Written Word. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1989. ISBN: 0521315654.

Carruthers, Mary《記憶之書:中世紀文化中記憶的研究The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture》New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN: 0521429730.
Carruthers, Mary. The Book of Memory: A Study of Memory in Medieval Culture. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. ISBN: 0521429730.

Saenger, Paul《文字的距離:默讀的起源Space Between Words: The Origins of Silent Reading》Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0804726531.
Saenger, Paul. Space Between Words: The Origins of Silent Reading. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1997. ISBN: 0804726531.

Stock, Brian《讀 寫的含義:十一、二世紀的寫作語言和口譯模式The Implications of Literacy: Written Language and Models of Interpretation in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries》NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983, 12-87頁. ISBN: 0691026033. 【特別是〈口頭與寫作〉】
Stock, Brian. The Implications of Literacy: Written Language and Models of Interpretation in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983, pp. 12-87. ISBN: 0691026033. [Especially "Oral and Written."]

Illich, Ivan和Barry Sanders《ABC:按字母排序的流行思想。ABC: The Alphabetization of the Popular Mind》San Francisco: North Point Press, 1988. ISBN: 0865472912.
Illich, Ivan, and Barry Sanders. ABC: The Alphabetization of the Popular Mind. San Francisco: North Point Press, 1988. ISBN: 0865472912.

Wilford, John Noble〈繩和結,印加人的寫作〉《紐約時報New York Times》2003年8月12日
Wilford, John Noble. "String and Knot, Theory of Inca Writing." New York Times, August 12, 2003.

Urton, Gary《印加人的結繩記事: 安第斯結繩記錄的二進制編碼Signs of the Inka Khipu: Binary Coding in the Andean Knotted-String Records》Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2003. ISBN: 0292785399.
Urton, Gary. Signs of the Inka Khipu: Binary Coding in the Andean Knotted-String Records. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2003. ISBN: 0292785399.
4 印刷革命的辯論
Debating the Print Revolution
必讀材料
Required Readings

Clanchy, Michael T.〈從印刷術發明回顧Looking Back from the Invention of Printing〉於Daniel P. Resnick編輯《讀寫的歷史透視Literacy in Historical Perspective》DC: Library of Congress, 1983, 7-22頁. ISBN: 0844404101.
Clanchy, Michael T. "Looking Back from the Invention of Printing." In Literacy in Historical Perspective. Edited by Daniel P. Resnick. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1983, pp. 7-22. ISBN: 0844404101.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth〈印刷文化在西方興起The Emergence of Print Culture in the West〉《現代歐洲早期的印刷革命The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe》第一部份, 1-4章。 New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. ISBN: 0521447704.
Eisenstein, Elizabeth. "The Emergence of Print Culture in the West." In The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe. Part I. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. Chap. 1-4. ISBN: 0521447704.

Johns, Adrian〈緒論:大自然之書和書的性質Introduction: The Book of Nature and the Nature of the Book〉《書的性質:印刷與醞釀中的知識The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making》Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998, 1-57頁. ISBN: 0226401227.
Johns, Adrian. "Introduction: The Book of Nature and the Nature of the Book." In The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. 1-57. ISBN: 0226401227.

Grafton, Anthony〈美國歷史回顧論壇概述:印刷革命是如何具革命性?Introduction to the AHR Forum: How Revolutionary Was the Print Revolution?〉《美國歷史回顧American Historical Review》107 (2002年2月): 84-86。
Grafton, Anthony. "Introduction to the AHR Forum: How Revolutionary Was the Print Revolution?" American Historical Review 107 (February, 2002): 84-86.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth〈再談不被歷史承認的革命An Unacknowledged Revolution Revisited〉《美國歷史回顧American Historical Review》107 (2002年2月): 87-105。
Eisenstein, Elizabeth. "An Unacknowledged Revolution Revisited." American Historical Review 107 (February, 2002): 87-105.

Johns, Adrian〈如何承認一場革命How to Acknowledge a Revolution〉《美國歷史回顧American Historical Review》107 (2002年2月):106-25。
Johns, Adrian. "How to Acknowledge a Revolution." American Historical Review 107 (February, 2002): 106-25.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth〈回覆Reply〉《美國歷史回顧American Historical Review》107 (2002年2月):126-8。
Eisenstein, Elizabeth. "Reply." American Historical Review 107 (February, 2002): 126-8.

錄像:《文藝復興時期之書The Renaissance Book》
Video: "The Renaissance Book"

原創、閱讀和出版歷史協會Society for the History of Authorship, Reading, and Publication (SHARP)
Society for the History of Authorship, Reading, and Publication (SHARP) Society for the History of Authorship, Reading, and Publication (SHARP)

補充讀物
Supplemental Readings

費夫曼與馬爾坦《印刷書的誕生》李鴻志譯, 貓頭鷹出版社正體譯本,2005年
费夫贺与马尔坦《印刷书的诞生》李鸿志译, 广西师大简体译本,2006年
Febvre, Lucien 和Henri-Jean Martin《1450-1800年書籍的成熟:印刷術的影響The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing, 1450-1800》David Gerard英譯。New York: Verso, 1976
Febvre, Lucien, and Henri-Jean Martin. The Coming of the Book: The Impact of Printing, 1450-1800. Translated by David Gerard. New York: Verso, 1976.

McLuhan, Marshall《古騰堡銀河系:造就印刷人The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man》Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962. ISBN: 0802060412. 參見〈第七章:古騰堡銀河系〉《預知傳播記事:麥克魯漢讀本》汪益譯,台北商務印書館. 1999年
McLuhan, Marshall. The Gutenberg Galaxy: The Making of Typographic Man. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1962. ISBN: 0802060412.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth《印刷出版商——變革的媒介The Printing Press as an Agent of Change》New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979, 2 卷本. ISBN: 0521220440. [上述簡節本的論點是基於Eisenstein這部原著]
Eisenstein, Elizabeth. The Printing Press as an Agent of Change. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979, 2 vols. ISBN: 0521220440. [Full-scale version of Eisenstein's argument on which the abridgement above is based.]

Grafton, Anthony T.〈出版的重要性The Importance of Being Printed〉《跨學科歷史期刊Journal of Interdisciplinary History》11 (1980):265-86。[對 Eisenstein 的〈印刷出版商——變革的媒介〉的早期重要評論]
Grafton, Anthony T. "The Importance of Being Printed." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 11 (1980): 265-86. [Important early critique of Eisenstein's Printing Press as an Agent of Change.]

——《贋造者與批評家:西方學者的創造力與欺騙性Forgers and Critics: Creativity and Duplicity in Western Scholarship》Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990. ISBN: 0691055440.
Ibid. Forgers and Critics: Creativity and Duplicity in Western Scholarship. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1990. ISBN: 0691055440.

——《1450-1800年,文本擁護者:科學時期的學術傳統Defenders of the Text: The Traditions of Scholarship in an Age of Science, 1450-1800》 Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991. ISBN: 0674195442.
Ibid. Defenders of the Text: The Traditions of Scholarship in an Age of Science, 1450-1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1991. ISBN: 0674195442.

Chartier, Roger《印刷在現代法國早期的文化應用The Cultural Uses of Print in Early Modern France》Lydia Cochrane英譯。Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987. ISBN: 0754606716.
Chartier, Roger. The Cultural Uses of Print in Early Modern France. Translated by Lydia Cochrane. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987. ISBN: 0754606716.

Müller, Jan-Dirk〈書本的實體:從手稿到印刷品的媒體轉變The Body of the Book: The Media Transition From Manuscript to Print〉於Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht和 K. Ludwig Pfeiffer編輯《溝通的實體Materialities of Communication》Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994, 32-44頁. ISBN: 0804722641.
(編註:建議參考) (法)巴比耶《書籍的歷史》劉陽譯,五南出版社正體譯本,ISBN: 957114536X,2007年
(法)巴比耶《书籍的历史》刘阳译,广西师范大学出版社简体译本,ISBN:7563350055,2005年
《以古通今:書的歷史》國家圖書館出版中心(繁)ISBN:9576784484 ,2006年
費夫賀馬爾《印刷書的誕生-貓頭鷹書房25 》(繁)ISBN:9867415728,2005年
Müller, Jan-Dirk. "The Body of the Book: The Media Transition From Manuscript to Print." In Materialities of Communication. Edited by Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht, and K. Ludwig Pfeiffer. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1994, pp. 32-44. ISBN: 0804722641.
5 印刷術及科學革命
Printing and the Scientific Revolution

參觀Burndy 圖書館
A Visit to the Burndy Library
必讀材料
Required Readings

Thorndike, Lynn編輯《Sacrobosco的範圍及其評論者The Sphere of Sacrobosco and Its Commentators》Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1949, 118-23頁。
Thorndike, Lynn, ed. The Sphere of Sacrobosco and Its Commentators. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1949, pp. 118-23.

Eisenstein, Elizabeth〈書本性質的轉變:印刷術與現代科學興起The Book of Nature Transformed: Printing and the Rise of Modern Science〉《現代歐洲早期的印刷革命The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe》New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979. 185-252頁。
Eisenstein, Elizabeth. "The Book of Nature Transformed: Printing and the Rise of Modern Science." In The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979. pp. 185-252.

Johns, Adrian〈盜版和侵權:修復中的自然哲學Piracy and Usurpation: Natural Philosophy in the Restoration〉《書籍的性質:印刷與醞釀中的知識The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making》Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998, 444-542頁. ISBN: 0226401227.
Johns, Adrian. "Piracy and Usurpation: Natural Philosophy in the Restoration." In The Nature of the Book: Print and Knowledge in the Making. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998, pp. 444-542. ISBN: 0226401227.

Burndy 圖書館Burndy Library
Burndy Library
6 舞臺和書頁,從文藝復興到浪漫主義
The Stage and the Page, Renaissance to Romanticism
必讀材料
Required Readings

Peters, Julie Stone《1480-1880年的書籍劇場,: 歐洲的印刷、文本及表演Theatre of the Book, 1480-1880: Print, Text, and Performance in Europe》New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, 1-200頁. ISBN: 0199262160.
Peters, Julie Stone. Theatre of the Book, 1480-1880: Print, Text, and Performance in Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000, pp. 1-200. ISBN: 0199262160.

Gordon, Mel《笑話Lazzi》New York: PAJ Publications, 1983, 3-23頁. ISBN: 0933826699.
Gordon, Mel. Lazzi. New York: PAJ Publications, 1983, pp. 3-23. ISBN: 0933826699.

補充讀物
Supplemental Readings

Chartier, Roger 《現代歐洲早期的出版戲劇:1998年Panizzi 演講。Publishing Drama in Early Modern Europe: The Panizzi Lectures, 1998.》London: The British Library, 1999. ISBN: 071234635X.
Chartier, Roger. Publishing Drama in Early Modern Europe: The Panizzi Lectures, 1998. London: The British Library, 1999. ISBN: 071234635X.

McKenzie, D. F. 〈凸版印刷術及其意義:William Congreve的案例。Typography and Meaning: The Case of William Congreve〉於Peter D. McDonald 和 Michael F. Suarez編輯《意義的産生:〈思想的印刷工〉及其他論文Making Meaning: 'Printers of the Mind' and Other Essays》Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002. [本卷的其它文章,許多有啓發性]
McKenzie, D. F. "Typography and Meaning: The Case of William Congreve." In Making Meaning: 'Printers of the Mind' and Other Essays. Edited by Peter D. McDonald, and Michael F. Suarez. Amherst, MA: University of Massachusetts Press, 2002. [Many of the other essays in this volume are also illuminating.]

Norman, Larry F., Philippe Desan 和Richard Strier編輯 《從觀眾到讀者:十六、七世紀的劇場佈景印刷本Du Spectateur au lecteur: Imprimer la scène aux XVIe et XVIIe siècle》Paris: Presses de l'Université de Paris-Sorbonne, 2002.
Norman, Larry F., Philippe Desan, and Richard Strier., eds. Du Spectateur au lecteur: Imprimer la scène aux XVIe et XVIIe siècle. Paris: Presses de l'Université de Paris-Sorbonne, 2002.

Norman, Larry F. 編輯《1550-1750年劇場時代的書籍The Book in the Age of Theater, 1550-1750》 Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. ISBN: 0943056276.
Norman, Larry F., ed. The Book in the Age of Theater, 1550-1750. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. ISBN: 0943056276.

Ravel, Jeffrey S.〈超越特權的劇場:1700-1789年法國劇本出版業的變化Theater Beyond Privilege: Changes in French Play Publication, 1700-1789〉《伏爾泰和十八世紀的研究Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century》 12 (2001): 299-347。
Ravel, Jeffrey S. "Theater Beyond Privilege: Changes in French Play Publication, 1700-1789." Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 12 (2001): 299-347.
7 現代性、媒體轉變及其意義:十九世紀
Modernity, Media Change and Meaning: The Nineteenth Century
必讀材料
Required Readings

Crary, Jonathan. 《觀察者的技巧:十九世紀的視覺與現代性》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990. ISBN 0262031698.
Crary, Jonathan. Techniques of the Observer: On Vision and Modernity in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990. ISBN 0262031698.

Marvin, Carolyn.〈概述Introduction〉、〈電子時空中尋找主體:權威互爭Locating the Body in Electrical Space and Time: Competing Authorities〉和〈使大衆眼花繚亂:原創媒體奇觀Dazzling the Multitude: Original Media Spectacles〉《當科技是新奇時:思考十九世紀後期的電力通訊Technologies Were New: Thinking About Electrical Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century》New York: Oxford University Press, 1987, 3-8, 109-90頁. ISBN: 0195044681.
Marvin, Carolyn. "Introduction," "Locating the Body in Electrical Space and Time: Competing Authorities," and "Dazzling the Multitude: Original Media Spectacles." In When Old Technologies Were New: Thinking About Electrical Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 1987, pp. 3-8, 109-90. ISBN: 0195044681.

補充讀物
Supplemental Readings

Headrick, Daniel R《信息時代成熟時: 1700-1850年理性與革命時代的知識科技When Information Came of Age: Technologies of Knowledge in the Age of Reason and Revolution, 1700-1850》New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.
Headrick, Daniel R. When Information Came of Age: Technologies of Knowledge in the Age of Reason and Revolution, 1700-1850. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Standage, Tom. 《維多利亞時代的互聯網:電報的傳奇故事與十九世紀的網絡先鋒The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's Online Pioneers》 New York: Berkley Books, 1998. ISBN: 0425171698.
Standage, Tom. The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century's Online Pioneers. New York: Berkley Books, 1998. ISBN: 0425171698.

Nye, David E. 《1880-1940年美國電氣化:一種新科技的社會意義Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology, 1880-1940》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992. ISBN: 0262640309.
Nye, David E. Electrifying America: Social Meanings of a New Technology, 1880-1940. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992. ISBN: 0262640309.

Jay, Martin〈法國十六至十八世紀的視覺派危機:從印象派到 Bergson(柏格森)The Crisis of the Ancien Scopic Régime: From the Impressionists to Bergson〉《垂視: 二十世紀法國思想中對視覺的詆毀Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought》Berkley, CA: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN: 0520081544. 149-209頁。
Jay, Martin. "The Crisis of the Ancien Scopic Régime: From the Impressionists to Bergson." In Downcast Eyes: The Denigration of Vision in Twentieth-Century French Thought. Berkley, CA: University of California Press, 1993. ISBN: 0520081544. pp. 149-209.

Crary, Jonathan 《感知暫停:注意力、景象和現代文化Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000. ISBN: 0262032651.
Crary, Jonathan. Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000. ISBN: 0262032651.

Gitelman, Lisa 和Geoffrey B. Pingree編輯《1740-1915年的新媒體New Media, 1740-1915》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262072459.
Gitelman, Lisa, and Geoffrey B. Pingree., eds. New Media, 1740-1915. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262072459.

Gunning,Tom〈老科技的更新:驚嘆、第二本質、上次世紀交替時的離奇科技Re-Newing Old Technologies: Astonishment, Second Nature, and the Uncanny in Technology from the Previous Turn of the Century〉於David Thorburn 和Henry Jenkins編輯《再思考媒體轉變:轉變的美學Rethinking Media Change: The Aesthetics of Transition》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262201461.
Gunning, Tom. "Re-Newing Old Technologies: Astonishment, Second Nature, and the Uncanny in Technology from the Previous Turn of the Century." In Rethinking Media Change: The Aesthetics of Transition. Edited by David Thorburn and Henry Jenkins. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262201461.
8 視覺:早期攝影
Vision: Early Photography

(客座講師:歷史系David Ciarlo教授)
(Guest: Prof. David Ciarlo, History Faculty)
必讀材料
Required Readings

Flichy, Patrice〈藏品與紀念品:照片和留聲機Collection and Souvenir: Photography and the Gramophone〉《現代通訊的動力: 新通訊技術的成形和影響Dynamics of Modern Communication: The Shaping and Impact of New Communication Technologies》Liz Libbrecht英譯,Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995. ISBN: 0803978510.
Flichy, Patrice. "Collection and Souvenir: Photography and the Gramophone." In Dynamics of Modern Communication: The Shaping and Impact of New Communication Technologies. Translated by Liz Libbrecht. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995. ISBN: 0803978510.

Morse, Samuel F. B.〈可能的效應…達蓋爾照相法的發明Probable Effects…the Discovery of Daguerre〉, 達蓋爾攝影法團體The Daguerreian Society
Morse, Samuel F. B. "Probable Effects…the Discovery of Daguerre." The Daguerreian Society

Benjamin,Walter。The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction〈機械複製品時代的藝術作品The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction〉
Benjamin, Walter. "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction."

Trachtenberg, Alan 〈序言Prologue〉《讀解美國照片:歷史影像,從Mathew Brady到Walker Evans Reading American Photographs: Images as History, Mathew Brady to Walker Evans》New York: Hill and Wang, 1989, 3-20頁. ISBN: 0809080370.
Trachtenberg, Alan. "Prologue" In Reading American Photographs: Images as History, Mathew Brady to Walker Evans. New York: Hill and Wang, 1989, pp. 3-20. ISBN: 0809080370.

Ryan, James R. 〈帶著相機搜尋〉、〈拍攝本地人〉和〈趨向結論〉《拍攝帝國: 大英帝國的攝影術與視覺》Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997, 99-182, 214-25頁.
Ryan, James R. "Hunting With the Camera," "Photographing the Natives," and "Towards a Conclusion." In Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the British Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997, pp. 99-182, 214-25.

美國國會圖書館達蓋爾肖像圖片館Library of Congress Daguerreotyoe Portraits and Views
Library of Congress Daguerreotyoe Portraits and Views Library of Congress Daguerreotyoe Portraits and Views

達蓋爾攝影法團體The Daguerrian Society
The Daguerrian Society

TALBOT, William Henry Fox和藝術探究Explore art
TALBOT, William Henry Fox and Explore art

補充讀物
Supplemental Readings

Blake, Erin C. 〈早期攝影機、虛擬現實及十八世紀英格蘭上流社會的映射Zograscopes, Virtual Reality, and the Mapping of Polite Society in Eighteenth-Century England〉於Lisa Gitelman 和 Geoffrey B. Pingree編輯《1740-1915年的新媒體》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003, 1-27頁. ISBN: 0262072459.
Blake, Erin C. "Zograscopes, Virtual Reality, and the Mapping of Polite Society in Eighteenth-Century England." In New Media, 1740-1915. Edited by Lisa Gitelman and Geoffrey B. Pingree. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003, pp. 1-27. ISBN: 0262072459.

Wechsler, Judith. 《人類喜劇:十九世紀巴黎的人相學和諷刺漫畫A Human Comedy: Physiognomy and Caricature in Nineteenth-Century Paris》Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. ISBN: 0226877701.
Wechsler, Judith. A Human Comedy: Physiognomy and Caricature in Nineteenth-Century Paris. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. ISBN: 0226877701.

Terdiman, Richard〈相反的圖像:Daumier 和 Le Charivari。Counter-Images: Daumier and Le Charivari”摘自《語 篇/反語篇:十九世紀法國像徵性抵抗的理論和實踐Discourse/Counter-Discourse: The Theory and Practice of Symbolic Resistance in Nineteenth-Century France》Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985. 149-97頁。
Terdiman, Richard. "Counter-Images: Daumier and Le Charivari." In Discourse/Counter-Discourse: The Theory and Practice of Symbolic Resistance in Nineteenth-Century France. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985. pp. 149-97.

Slater, Don〈攝影和現代視覺:‘自然魔力’的奇觀Photography and Modern Vision: The Spectacle of 'Natural Magic'〉於Chris Jen編輯《視覺文化Visual Culture》 London: Routledge, 1995. ISBN: 0415106230. 218-37頁。
Slater, Don. "Photography and Modern Vision: The Spectacle of 'Natural Magic'." In Visual Culture. Edited by Chris Jenks. London: Routledge, 1995. ISBN: 0415106230. pp. 218-37.

Mensel, Robert E.〈等待中的攝影者:1885-1915年紐約的業餘攝影者和隱私權Kodakers Lying in Wait': Amateur Photography and the Right of Privacy in New York, 1885-1915〉《美國季刊American Quarterly》43 (1991年3月): 24-45。
Mensel, Robert E. "'Kodakers Lying in Wait': Amateur Photography and the Right of Privacy in New York, 1885-1915." American Quarterly 43 (March, 1991): 24-45.

Lee-Webb, Virginia〈被處理的圖像:歐洲人拍攝的太平洋島民照片Manipulated Images: European Photographs of Pacific Peoples〉於Elazar Barkan 和 Ronald Bush編輯《未來的史前史: 原始計劃與現代主義文化Prehistories of the Future: The Primitivist Project and the Culture of Modernism》Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1995. 175-201頁。
Lee-Webb, Virginia. "Manipulated Images: European Photographs of Pacific Peoples." In Prehistories of the Future: The Primitivist Project and the Culture of Modernism. Edited by Elazar Barkan and Ronald Bush. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1995. pp. 175-201.
9 聲音:留聲機的製造
Sound: The Making of the Phonograph
必讀材料
Required Readings

復習Flichy從11/2開始的章節
Review Flichy chapter from 11/2.

Gitelman, Lisa.《手稿、唱片凹槽和寫作器材: 代表愛迪生時代的科技Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing Technology in the Edison Era》Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999. ISBN: 0804738726.
Gitelman, Lisa. Scripts, Grooves, and Writing Machines: Representing Technology in the Edison Era. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999. ISBN: 0804738726.

補充讀物
Supplemental Readings

麥克魯漢《認識媒體:人的延伸》鄭明萱譯,貓頭鷹出版社正體譯本,2006年,ISBN:9789867001061
麥克魯漢《傳播工具新論》葉明德、祝振華譯(1978)台北:巨流。正體譯本
麥克盧漢《人的延伸︰媒介通論》何道寬譯,四川人民出版社簡體譯本,1992年。
McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994年重刊(1964年初刊). ISBN: 0262631598. [關於留聲機,電話和收音機的章節]
McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1994 (rpt. 1964). ISBN: 0262631598. [Chapters on the phonograph, the telephone, and the radio.]

Flichy, Patrice〈從商品交易到靈魂交易:電話From Trading in Goods to Trading in Souls: The Telephone〉和〈無綫時代:無綫電廣播The Wireless Age: Radio Broadcasting〉《現代通訊的動力: 現代通訊科技的成形與影響Dynamics of Modern Communication: The Shaping and Impact of New Communication Technologies》Liz Libbrecht英譯,London: Routledge, 1995. 82-116頁。
Flichy, Patrice. "From Trading in Goods to Trading in Souls: The Telephone," and "The Wireless Age: Radio Broadcasting." In Dynamics of Modern Communication: The Shaping and Impact of New Communication Technologies. Translated by Liz Libbrecht. London: Routledge, 1995. pp. 82-116.

Umble, Dianne Zimmerman 〈罪惡的網絡還是神聖的服務:阿們宗教國家電話的辯證意義Sinful Network or Divine Service: Competing Meanings of the Telephone in Amish Country〉於Lisa Gitelman和Geoffrey B. Pingree編輯《1740-1915年的新媒體》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262072459.
Umble, Dianne Zimmerman. "Sinful Network or Divine Service: Competing Meanings of the Telephone in Amish Country." In New Media, 1740-1915. Edited by Lisa Gitelman, and Geoffrey B. Pingree. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262072459.

Hilmes, Michele和Jason Loviglio《無綫電讀物:無綫電文化歷史的文章Radio Reader: Essays in the Cultural History of Radio》New York: Routledge, 2002. ISBN: 0415928214.
Hilmes, Michele, and Jason Loviglio. Radio Reader: Essays in the Cultural History of Radio. New York: Routledge, 2002. ISBN: 0415928214.

Savage, Barbara《廣播自由:1938-1948年無綫電、戰爭與種族政治Broadcasting Freedom: Radio, War, and the Politics of Race, 1938-1948》Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999. ISBN: 0807848042.
Savage, Barbara. Broadcasting Freedom: Radio, War, and the Politics of Race, 1938-1948. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999. ISBN: 0807848042.

Horten, Gerd《無綫電參戰:二次世界大戰的宣傳文化政治Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda During World War II》Berkley, CA: University of California Press, 2002. ISBN: 0520207831.
Horten, Gerd. Radio Goes to War: The Cultural Politics of Propaganda During World War II. Berkley, CA: University of California Press, 2002. ISBN: 0520207831.
10 動作:早期電影及其社會文化背景
Motion: Early Film and Its Social and Cultural Contexts
必讀材料
Required Readings

Kern, Stephen〈速度Speed〉《1880-1918年的時空文化The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918》
Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983, 109-30頁. ISBN: 0140449124.
Kern, Stephen. "Speed." In The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1983, pp. 109-30. ISBN: 0140449124.

Schwartz, Vanessa〈鏡機前的電影觀賞性:世紀末巴黎對現實的大衆品位Cinematic Spectatorship Before the Apparatus: The Public Taste for Reality in Fin-de-siècle Paris〉於Leo Charney 和Vanessa Schwartz編輯《電影與現代生活的創造Cinema and the Invention of Modern Life》Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995, 297-319頁。
Schwartz, Vanessa. "Cinematic Spectatorship Before the Apparatus: The Public Taste for Reality in Fin-de-siècle Paris" In Cinema and the Invention of Modern Life. Edited by Leo Charney and Vanessa Schwartz. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995, pp. 297-319.

Uricchio, William 和 Roberta Pearson《重新架構文明:維他公司影片的案例Reframing Culture: The Case of the Vitagraph Quality Films》Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993, 3-64, 111-59頁. ISBN: 069104774X.
Uricchio, William, and Roberta Pearson. Reframing Culture: The Case of the Vitagraph Quality Films. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1993, pp. 3-64, 111-59. ISBN: 069104774X.

Ross, Steven J. 《勞動階層的好萊塢: 默劇與美國社會階層的成形Working-Class Hollywood: Silent Film and the Shaping of Class in America》Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998, 3-111頁. ISBN: 0691032343.
Ross, Steven J. Working-Class Hollywood: Silent Film and the Shaping of Class in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998, pp. 3-111. ISBN: 0691032343.

補充讀物
Supplemental Readings

Schwartz, Vanessa 《現實奇觀:世紀末巴黎的早期大衆文化Spectacular Realities: Early Mass Culture in Fin-de-siècle Paris》Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1998. [上述文章觀點的全本]
Schwartz, Vanessa. Spectacular Realities: Early Mass Culture in Fin-de-siècle Paris. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1998. [Full-length version of the argument presented in the article listed above.]

Brewster, Ben和Lea Jacobs《從劇場到電影院:舞臺藝術與早期故事片Theatre to Cinema: Stage Pictorialism and the Early Feature Film》New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Brewster, Ben, and Lea Jacobs. Theatre to Cinema: Stage Pictorialism and the Early Feature Film. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Hilmes, Michele《好萊塢與廣播:從無綫電到有線廣播Hollywood and Broadcasting: From Radio to Cable》 Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1990.
Hilmes, Michele. Hollywood and Broadcasting: From Radio to Cable. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1990.

Jenkins, Henry. 〈‘小傢伙Keaton似乎就是整台戲’:小鬼Keaton、中斷的表演與雜耍之美This Fellow Keaton Seems to be the Whole Show': Buster Keaton, Interrupted Performance, and the Vaudeville Aesthetic〉於Andrew Horton編輯《小鬼Keaton的私家小偵探Buster Keaton's Sherlock Jr.》New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997, 29-66頁。
Jenkins, Henry. "'This Fellow Keaton Seems to be the Whole Show': Buster Keaton, Interrupted Performance, and the Vaudeville Aesthetic." In Buster Keaton's Sherlock Jr. Edited by Andrew Horton. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997, pp. 29-66.

Rogin, Michael 〈形成美國家庭:過渡至有聲電影的種族僞裝與同化Making America Home: Racial Masquerade and Ethnic Assimilation in the Transition to Talking Pictures〉《美國歷史期刊The Journal of American History》79 (1992年12月): 1050-77。
Rogin, Michael. "Making America Home: Racial Masquerade and Ethnic Assimilation in the Transition to Talking Pictures." The Journal of American History 79 (December 1992): 1050-77.
11 現狀:數位革命?
The Situation Today: A Digital Revolution?
必讀材料
Required Readings

Nunberg, Geoffrey 〈別了,信息時代Farewell to the Information Age〉於Geoffrey Nunberg編輯《書籍的未來The Future of the Book》Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996, 103-38頁. ISBN: 0520204514.
Nunberg, Geoffrey. "Farewell to the Information Age." In The Future of the Book. Edited by Geoffrey Nunberg. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1996, pp. 103-38. ISBN: 0520204514.

Stille, Alexander 〈我們是否失去記憶?或過時科技博物館?Are We Losing Our Memory? Or The Museum of Obsolete Technology〉《過去的未來The Future of the Past》New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002, 299-309頁. ISBN: 0374159777.
Stille, Alexander. "Are We Losing Our Memory? Or The Museum of Obsolete Technology." In The Future of the Past. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2002, pp. 299-309. ISBN: 0374159777.

課堂練習,指導將在課前分發。
In-Class exercise, instructions to be distributed prior to class meeting.

補充閱讀
Supplemental Readings

Murphy, Priscilla Coit〈書籍已死,書籍萬歲Books are Dead, Long Live Books〉於David Thorburn 和Henry Jenkins編輯《再思媒體變化:轉變的美學Rethinking Media Change: The Aesthetics of Transition》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262201461. [同時參閱〈顯現的形式與實踐Emerging Forms and Practices〉一章中的其他文章]
Murphy, Priscilla Coit. "Books are Dead, Long Live Books." In Rethinking Media Change: The Aesthetics of Transition. Edited by David Thorburn and Henry Jenkins. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003. ISBN: 0262201461. [See also the essays in the section entitled "Emerging Forms and Practices".]

Turkle, Sherri《銀幕上的生活:互聯網時代的身份Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet》New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.
Turkle, Sherri. Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Cook, Scott D. N.〈科技變革與古騰堡神話Technological Revolutions and the Gutenberg Myth〉於Mark Stefik編輯《互聯網夢想:原型,神話與隱喻
Internet Dreams: Archetypes, Myths, and Metaphors》Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996, 67-82頁. ISBN: 0262692023.
Cook, Scott D. N. "Technological Revolutions and the Gutenberg Myth." In Internet Dreams: Archetypes, Myths, and Metaphors. Edited by Mark Stefik. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1996, pp. 67-82. ISBN: 0262692023.

Sunstein, Cass. Republic.com, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press,2001。ISBN: 0691070253. [參閱該作者在Republic.com的在綫補充讀物《迴音箱Echo Chambers》]
Sunstein, Cass. Republic.com. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2001. ISBN: 0691070253. [See also Echo Chambers, an online supplement by the author, at Republic.com]

Epstein, Jason 《图书业》杨贵山译,中国人民大学出版社简体译本,ISBN:7300076394,2006年 Epstein, Jason 《圖書業:出版業的過去、現在、將來Book Business: Publishing Past, Present, and Future》New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2002.
Epstein, Jason. Book Business: Publishing Past, Present, and Future. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2002.
12 陳述報告 I
Presentations I
 
13 陳述報告II
Presentations II
 


 

 

課堂陳述報告指引

每位學生都要報名參加一次課堂陳述報告;因爲學生人數比上課節數為多,所以有些人將要聯合陳述。陳述報告的目的,是架構一周閱讀內容的議題,並與之前課堂的主題相關。另外,陳述者要至少就教學大綱列出的一本補充讀物發表報告。

陳述者要計劃在堂上陳述20到30分鐘,過時中止。不要讀準備的講稿!在課前爲陳述準備大綱,在上課當天下午三時前用電郵發給研討會每一個人。你可以根據自己的意願以任何形式自由組織陳述,但至少要做倒下列幾點:

總結閱讀材料提出的問題和爭論
總結至少一份補充讀物(如果你願意的話,可以總結更多),把它的主題和論點與這一周的一般閱讀聯繫起來
設計幾個廣義問題啟動課堂討論
學生作品範例

這些題目的陳述包含豐富的圖片,但由於版權原因不能在這裏發表。一些學生在陳述的同時還做筆記;以下是其中部份。

古抄本和中世紀的作家與讀者 (PDF) (由Rekha Murthyh和Karen Schrier提供。授權使用。)

視覺:早期的攝影 (PDF) (由Rekha Murthyh和Karen Schrier提供。授權使用。)

聲音:留聲機的形成 (PDF) (由Marianthi Liapi提供。授權使用。)


Instructions for Class Presentations

Each student will sign up for one class presentation; since there are more students than class sessions, some of you will present jointly. The purpose of the presentations is to frame the issues in the readings that week, and relate these themes to previous sessions. In addition, the presenter will report on at least one of the supplemental readings listed on the syllabus.

Presenters should plan to speak between twenty and thirty minutes at the beginning of class. If you exceed thirty minutes, I may cut you off. DO NOT READ FROM A PREPARED TEXT! Prepare an outline of your remarks prior to class, which you will distribute to everyone in the seminar via e-mail not later than 3 PM the day of our class meeting. You are free to organize your presentations in any manner you wish, but at a minimum you should do the following:

Summarize the issues and debates raised in the readings
Summarize at least one supplemental reading (you may do more if you wish), and relate its themes and arguments to our general reading for the week
Frame several broad questions to initiate our class discussion
Examples of Student Work

Presentations on these subjects are quite rich in images which cannot be published here for copyright reasons. Some students also created notes to accompany their presentation; several of these are available below.

Codex Books and Medieval Writers and Readers (PDF) (Courtesy of Andrea McCarty. Used with permission.)

Vision: Early Photography (PDF) (Courtesy of Rekha Murthy and Karen Schrier. Used with permission.)

Sound: The Making of the Phonograph (PDF) (Courtesy of Marianthi Liapi. Used with permission.)

 

期末專題

課程的期末專題是一篇20頁、雙倍行距的論文,題目是下列之一。在某些情况下,並得到講師允許,這可以是不同方式或媒介演示的內容充實清晰的專題。

專題的目的,是讓你可以廣泛和綜合思考這學期討論的課堂資料,或是有深度思考一系列議題。請提交論文的書面版本,並在第九節課提交一個段落的期末專題建議。期末專題不得遲於最後一周第一天前交到講師辦公室。

在第12和13節課之間和第13節課,你要在堂上陳述期末專題。陳述會記分;佔總成績10%。每個 專題有30分鐘討論。你應計劃演講10-15分鐘,隨後與同學討論。請儘量在許可時間內,詳細和緊凑陳述你的專題。(你可能需要提前練習陳述,才不會超過 10-15分鐘的時限。)

陳述報告有兩個目標。首先,這是你在準備專題時汲取班上集體智慧的機會。第二,我以為各種各樣的專題,會為這學期所討論的問題和想法提出一個頗為綜合的總結。

題目

從閱讀材料和討論中找出一些例子,把“革命”的概念看作媒體轉換的組織原則來評價。你必須考慮 15和16世紀的“印刷革命”,必須把它和19世紀引入電力帶來的改變或今天的“數位革命”作比較。換言之,“革命”是否可以充份解釋500年前的歐洲、 19世紀的世界或者今天的媒體轉變?如果不行,有什麽其他的媒體模型建議?

深度思考某一節課的閱讀材料,就其寫一篇論文。除共同閱讀資料外,你必須閱讀思考至少四份補充讀物。這些閱讀材料是如何架構主要議問題?作家是否有一致的意見或爭論?研究的未來方法是什麽?(注意:不要寫關於你課堂陳述那一周的閱讀材料。)

在這學期的聯合作業基礎上,提出一個你自己設計的題目。我保留最終批准權。你可以在第九節課提交建議前咨詢我。
學生作品範例

表現和空間:尋求“總”媒體 (PDF)(由Marianthi Liapi提供。授權使用)

Final Project

The final project for this class is a twenty-page, double-spaced essay on one of the topics listed below. In some cases, with the consent of the instructor, it may be possible to substitute a substantial, well-defined project prepared in a different genre or medium.

The goal of the project is to allow you to think broadly and synthetically about the class material we cover this term or, alternatively, to consider one set of issues in some depth. Please submit a hard copy version of your paper. I will ask you to submit a one-paragraph proposal for your final project in class on Session 9. The final project is due in the instructor's office no later than the first day of Final week.

The in-class presentations for your final projects will take place between Sessions 12 and 13, and on Session 13. The presentations will be graded; their evaluation will count for ten percent of your final grade, as per the syllabus. We will allot thirty minutes for the discussion of each project. You should plan to speak for 10-15 minutes, followed by discussion with your classmates. Please present your project in as detailed and coherent a fashion as possible in the time allowed. (You may wish to practice your presentation in advance, so that you do not exceed the 10-15 minute limit.)

The goals of the presentations are two-fold. First, this will be your opportunity to tap the collective wisdom of the class as you prepare your project. Second, I suspect the variety of projects will provide us with a fairly comprehensive overview of the issues and ideas we have discussed during the course of the term.

Topics

Drawing on examples from our readings and discussions, evaluate the concept of "revolution" as an organizing principle for media transition. You must consider the "print revolution" of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and you must compare it either to the changes brought on by the introduction of electricity in the nineteenth century, or to the "digital revolution" today. In other words, does "revolution" adequately explain changes in media in Europe 500 years ago, and throughout the world in the nineteenth century or today? If not, what alternative model of media change would you propose?

Write an essay in which you consider the readings for one class session in depth. In addition to the common readings, you must also read and consider at least four of the supplemental readings. How do the readings frame the main issues? Is there consensus or disagreement among the authors? What are the future avenues of research? (N.B.: You may not write on the readings from the week of your class presentation.)

Propose a topic of your own devising, based on our joint work this semester. I reserve the right of final approval. You may wish to consult me about your proposal prior to submitting it on Session 9.
Example Student Work

Representation and Space: The Quest for the "Total" Medium. (PDF) (Courtesy of Marianthi Liapi. Used with permission.)

 

對「CMS.801 轉換中的媒體」這門課有興趣的教育家、學生和自學者們,歡迎來和其他應用這個教材學習或教課的人在這個討論群組上互動。

這個服務是由麻省理工學院開放式課程提供,由猶他州立大學教育科技系的「開放持續學習機會研究群」所管理。世界各地的獨立學員可以互相連繫、協同合作、組織學習小組,及就利用麻省理工「開放式課程網頁」教材資源於他們正規或非正規教育學習時得到支援。

「開放式學習支援網」(Open Learning Support, 簡稱OLS)是一個著眼著眼於建立「社群軟體」的研究計劃,讓非正規學習社群利用現存公開的教材而組織起來。OLS基本前提是完整的教育機會必須讓使用者 能夠與能解答其問題或提供支援的其他人建立起溝通管道。贊助者一般只能提供免費開放的網頁教材,但很難提供這樣的社群管道。社群支援必須由其他使用者提 供。因此,OLS是: 在麻省理工「開放式課程網頁」以外獨立運作的 需要使用者註冊並登入才能參與的 並不頒授任何學位或文憑的計劃 不提供與麻省理工或猶他州立大學教職人員直接連繫的管道


馬上來本課程《CMS.801 轉換中的媒體》的討論群組看看吧。

「開放式學習支援網」是由The William and Flora Hewlett 基金會贊助提供。


 


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