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課程來源:MIT
     
21M.734 2003春季課程:劇院布景設計(Design For the Theater - Scenery, Spring 2003)

翻譯:方琦

編輯:陳玉侖   陳盈

 
Image of a student project.
學生專題作品 (影像由J. Hinel.提供。)
Image of a student project. (Image courtesy of J. Hinel.)

課程重點

本課程的特色是在專題部分提供學生作品的實例。
This course features a projects section with examples of student work.

課程描述

本 課將研究史上及現今所實際運用的佈景設計,包括了西方與其他文化的表演空間利用、觀眾與表演者的關係等等。同時將會設計四個劇或(加上)一單幕的歌劇,另 會討論作品創作時其社會、政治與藝術性的背景條件,以及它們之於現代觀眾的關係。學生得以運用開放工作室中不同種類的2D與3D工具,設計、報告其作品, 並進行口頭答辯,同時間也發展自我批判的能力。期末專題將是學生的第五項設計,內容自由發揮,但須包括一概念文字敘述、劇本分析及一上色的模型或是電腦描 圖。

This course examines scenic design as practiced currently and historically, including the use of performance space in western and other cultures, and the audience-performer relationship. Four plays and/or one act operas are designed, accompanied by a study of the social, political and artistic conditions attendant upon their creation and their relevance to a modern audience. Students develop, present and orally defend designs in a variety of two- and three-dimensional media in open studio with an eye to developing a self-critical ability. The final project is a fifth design of the student's choice, consisting of a written concept statement, script analysis and a colored model or renderings.
師資
講師:
William Fregosi 教授
程度
大學部
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原文聲明

 


課程描述

本課將研究史上及現今所實際運用的佈景設計,包括了西方與其他文化的表演空間利用、觀眾與表演者的 關係等等。同時將會設計四個劇或(加上)一單幕的歌劇,另會討論作品創作時其社會、政治與藝術性的背景條件,以及它們之於現代觀眾的關係。學生得以運用開 放工作室中不同種類的2D與3D工具,開發、呈現及口頭辯護其設計作品,同時間也發展自我批判的能力。期末專題將是學生的第五項設計,內容自由發揮,但須 包括一概念文字敘述、劇本分析及一上色的模型或是電腦描圖。


技術需求

不需預先受過相關訓練。鼓勵---並期待---學生能運用新的技術、材料與工具,如老師所介紹示範的。並且能接納同學與其他劇場藝術設計人員與老師給予的影響及意見。


課程目標

培養同學清楚表達的能力,從視覺和口語上詮釋劇本、闡明其設計與劇本文字的關係等;
培養學生溝通想法的能力,透過視覺元素諸如:形狀、色彩、線條、尺寸、圖像內容之於色彩演算與比例模型等;
培養學生有能力對於個人設計進行答辯,且能說明選擇理由;
透過老師與同學對執行中的與已完成的作品經常性的意見交流,培養學生自我批判的能力。
完成專業的作品集,收錄完成的設計作品。

修課前提

先修過21M.603(設計原理)或因先前的相關劇場/藝術經驗得到老師同意修課者。


操作輔導

粉彩、水彩、繪圖與模型製作等技巧示範端視同學需求,同學可以要求或是那些明顯需要指導的同學可以在學期中任何時間提出。


評分基準

將評估學生在這學期中個人的成長,而非與他人的競賽成果。重點將在:詮釋技巧、表達能力、清楚及有說服力的呈現個人想法、接納意見、自我批判的敏銳度、在期限內完成等等。

 

Course Description

This course examines scenic design as practiced currently and historically, including the use of performance space in western and other cultures, and the audience-performer relationship. Four plays and/or one act operas are designed, accompanied by a study of the social, political and artistic conditions attendant upon their creation and their relevance to a modern audience. Students develop, present and orally defend designs in a variety of two- and three-dimensional media in open studio with an eye to developing a self-critical ability. The final project is a fifth design of the student's choice, consisting of a written concept statement, script analysis and a colored model or renderings.


Technical Requirements

Previous art training is not required. Students will be encouraged--and expected--to explore new techniques, materials and media as introduced by the Instructor and to be open to influences from peers and other members of the Theater Arts Design Faculty and Staff.


Course Objectives

To develop student's ability to articulate visually and verbally their interpretation of play scripts and the relationship of their designs to those texts;
To develop a student's ability to communicate ideas visually through form, color, line, scale and graphic content via color renderings and scale models;
To develop student's ability to defend design and interpretation choices;
To develop student's self-critical abilities through regular feedback on developing and finished work by the instructor and from peers;
To develop a portfiolio of finished designs for each student presented in a professional manner.

Prerequisites

21M.603 (Principles of Design) or permission of Instructor based on previous theatrical experience and/or art of any kind the student has done.


Tutorials

Technique in pastel, water color, drawing and scale model making will be demonstrated on an as-needed basis to any students who make a request or show an obvious need at any time during the course.


Basis for Grade

Students will be evaluated individually on the basis of their personal development during the term, not in competition with others. Emphasis will rest on the growth of their interpretative skills, ability to express and present their ideas clearly and persuasively, openness to feedback, self-critical acumen, and ability to meet project deadlines.



 
課 課程單元
1 佈景是什麼?概述歷史與當代佈景設計風格與表演空間方法
What is Scenery? Survey of Historical and Contemporary Styles of Scenic Design and Approaches to Performance Space.
2 開始專題1:August Strindberg所作的 《父親》 。討論---設計師如何解讀與分析劇本,整理素材以設計出戲劇演出
Launch of Project #1: The Father by August Strindberg. Discussion of How a Designer Reads and Analyzes a Script and Organizes Material to Design a Production.
3 論文報告與設計草圖討論
Presentation of Papers and Discussion of the Sketches.
4 操作課程: 透視草圖的技術
Studio Class: Techniques of Perspective Sketching.
5 報告與討論概念文章
Presentation and Discussion of Concept Papers.
6 報告 《父親》的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for The Father.
7 開始專題2: Guillaume Apollonaire所作的《蒂利希阿斯的胸脯》或 Jean Cocteau的《艾菲爾鐵塔的婚宴》
Launch of Project #2: The Breasts of Tiresias by Guillaume Apollonaire or The Eiffel Tower Wedding Party by Jean Cocteau. Presentation of Papers and Discussion of the Script.
8 告與討論設計草圖
Presentation and Discussion of Sketches.
9 佈景是什麼?概述非西方的佈景設計風格與表演空間方法
What is Scenery? Survey of Non-Western Scenic Design and Approaches to Performance Space.
10 專題2概念文章討論
Project #2 Concept Papers Discussed.
11 操作課程: 色彩描繪的技術
Studio Class: Techniques of Color Rendering.
12 報告專題2的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for Project #2.
13 期中:開始期末專題.討論學生的提案、專題的需求事項、最後可以選擇的劇本
Mid-Term: Launch of the Final Project. Discussion of Student's Proposals, the Requirements of the Project, and Final Choice of Scripts to be Designed.
14 開始專題3:Bela Bartok的《藍鬍子的城堡》 或Pietro Mascagni的《鄉間騎士》或Richard Strauss的《失去影子的女人》 第一幕。閱讀文章與討論劇本
Launch of project #3: Bluebeard's Castle by Bela Bartok; or Cavalleria Rusticana by Pietro Mascagni; or Act One of Die Frau Ohne Schatten by Richard Strauss. Reading of the Papers and Discussion of the Script.
15 報告與討論設計草圖
Presentation and Discussion of Sketches.
16 專題3概念文章討論
Project #3 Concept Papers Discussed.
17 報告與評論修改過的草圖
Revised Sketches Presented and Critiqued.
18 檢查期末專題的進度: 繳交分析與概念文章;平面圖像技術教學
Check-in on the Progress of the Final Project: Analysis and Concept Paper Due and Discussed; Graphic Technique Instruction as Required.
19 報告歌劇的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for the Opera.
20 開始專題4: Federico Garcia Lorca的 《血婚》或Eugene O'Neill的《長夜漫漫路迢迢》,閱讀文章與討論劇本
Launch of Project #4: Blood Wedding by Federico Garcia Lorca or Long Day's Journey Into Night by Eugene O'Neill. Reading of the Papers and Discussion of the Script.
21 報告與討論設計草圖
Presentation and Discussion of Sketches.
22 檢查期末專題的進度: 繳交分析與概念文章;平面圖像技術教學
Check-in on the Progress of the Final Project: Graphic Technique Instruction as Required.
23 討論專題4的概念文章
Project #4 Concept Papers Discussed.
24 報告與評論修改過的草圖
Revised Sketches Presented and Critiqued.
25 報告專題4的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for Project #4.
26 報告與討論期末專題
Presentation and Discussion of Final Projects.

 


相關閱讀資料


本頁翻譯進度

燈號說明

審定:無
翻譯:方琦(簡介並寄信)
編輯:陳玉侖(簡介並寄信)


Strindberg, August 《父親》
Strindberg, August. The Father.

Strindberg, August. 《Strindberg: 五劇本》. 加州:加州大學印製 1996
Strindberg, August. Strindberg: Five Plays. California: University of California Press, 1996.

Apollinaire, Guillaume. 《蒂利希阿斯的胸脯》(1917年首演)
Apollinaire, Guillaume. The Breasts of Tiresias. (First staged in 1917.)

Cocteau, Jean. 《艾菲爾鐵塔的婚宴》1948.
Cocteau, Jean. The Eiffel Tower Wedding Party. 1948.

Lorca, Frederico Garcia. 《血婚:一劇》. 紐約: Faber & Faber, 1997.
Lorca, Frederico Garcia. Blood Wedding: A Play. New York: Faber & Faber, 1997.

O'Neill, Eugene. 《長夜漫漫路迢迢》 (1940完成)
O'Neill, Eugene. Long Day's Journey Into The Night. (Completed in 1940.)

Bartok, Bela (文字--Bela Balazs). 《藍鬍子的城堡》(單幕歌劇)
Bartok, Bela (Text by Bela Balazs). Bluebeard's Castle. (One Act Opera)

Mascagni, Pietro (文字--Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti) 《鄉間騎士》(單幕歌劇)
Mascagni, Pietro (Text by Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti). Cavalleria Rusticana. (One Act Opera)

Strauss, Richard(文字-- Hugo Von Hofmannsthal). 《失去影子的女人》(歌劇的第一幕)
Strauss, Richard (Text by Hugo Von Hofmannsthal). Die Frau Ohne Schatten. (Act one of the Opera only)


 


課 課程單元 作業
1 佈景是什麼?概述歷史與當代佈景設計風格與表演空間方法
What is Scenery? Survey of Historical and Contemporary Styles of Scenic Design and Approaches to Performance Space
讀第一個劇本
Read First Play Script
2 開始專題1:August Strindberg所作的《父親》 。討論---設計師如何解讀與分析劇本,整理素材以設計出戲劇演出
Launch of Project #1: The Father by August Strindberg. Discussion of How a Designer Reads and Analyzes a Script and Organizes Material to Design a Production
寫分析戲劇主題的短文
Short Paper Aanalyzing Themes in the Play

初步的設計草圖
Preliminary Design Sketches
3 論文報告與設計草圖討論
Presentation of Papers and Discussion of the Sketches
寫2頁完整、一致的設計概念短文
2 Page Paper on a Full and Unified Design Concept
4 操作課程: 透視草圖的技術
Studio Class: Techniques of Perspective Sketching
 
5 報告與討論概念文章
Presentation and Discussion of Concept Papers
完成設計
Complete Designs
6 報告《父親》的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for The Father
閱讀第二個劇本
Read Second Play Script

寫分析戲劇主題的短文
Short Paper Analyzing Themes in the Play
7 開始專題2: Guillaume Apollonaire所作的《蒂利希阿斯的胸脯》或 Jean Cocteau的《艾菲爾鐵塔的婚宴》
Launch of Project #2: The Breasts of Tiresias by Guillaume Apollonaire or The Eiffel Tower Wedding Party by Jean Cocteau

專題報告及劇本討論
Presentation of Papers and Discussion of the Script
初步的設計草圖
Preliminary Design Sketches
8 報告與討論設計草圖
Presentation and Discussion of Sketches
寫2頁完整、一致性的設計概念短文+草圖修改
2 Page Paper on a Full and Unified Design Concept and Revision of Sketches
9 佈景是什麼?概述非西方的佈景設計風格與表演空間方法
What is Scenery? Survey of Non-Western Scenic Design and Approaches to Performance Space
 
10 專題2概念文章討論
Project #2 Concept Papers Discussed
 
11 操作課程: 色彩描繪的技術
Studio Class: Techniques of Color Rendering
 
12 報告專題2的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for Project #2
聽專題3的歌劇
Listen to the Opera for Project #3

寫短文分析歌劇腳本主題與音樂的節奏與顏色
Short Paper Analyzing Themes in the Libretto and the Colors and Rhythms of the Music
13 期中:開始期末專題.討論學生的提案、專題的需求事項、最後可以選擇的劇本
Mid-Term: Launch of the Final Project. Discussion of Student's Proposals, the Requirements of the Project, and Final Choice of Scripts to be Designed
寫4頁文章包含劇本分析、設計概念提案和此提案的辯護 (第18堂課交)
4 Page Paper with Analysis of the Script, Proposal of a Concept for the Design and Defense of that proposal (Due at Class 18)
14 開始專題3:Bela Bartok的 《藍鬍子的城堡》 或Pietro Mascagni的 《鄉間騎士》 或Richard Strauss的《失去影子的女人》 第一幕。
Launch of Project #3: Bluebeard's Castle by Bela Bartok; or
Cavalleria Rusticana by Pietro Mascagni; or
Act One of Die Frau Ohne Schatten by Richard Strauss

閱讀文章與討論劇本
Reading of the Papers and Discussion of the Script
初步設計草圖
Preliminary Design Sketches
15 報告與討論設計草圖
Presentation and Discussion of Sketches
寫2頁完整、一致性的設計概念短文
2 Page Paper on a Full and Unified Design Concept
16 專題3概念文章討論
Project #3 Concept Papers Discussed
草圖修正
Revised Sketches
17 報告與評論修改過的草圖
Revised Sketches Presented and Critiqued
 
18 期末專題的進度檢查: 繳交分析與概念文章;平面圖像技術教學
Check-in on the Progress of the Final Project: Analysis and Concept Paper Due and Discussed
Graphic Technique Instruction as Required
 
19 報告歌劇的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for the Opera
讀第四個劇本
Read Fourth Play Script

寫分析戲劇主題的短文
Short Paper Analyzing Themes in the Play
20 開始專題4: Federico Garcia Lorca的 《血婚》或Eugene O'Neill的《長夜漫漫路迢迢》, 閱讀文章與討論劇本
Launch of Project #4: "Blood Wedding" by Federico Garcia Lorca or "Long Day's Journey Into Night" by Eugene O'Neill. Reading of the Papers and Discussion of the Script
初步設計草圖
Preliminary Design Sketches
21 報告與討論設計草圖
Presentation and Discussion of Sketches
習作:寫2頁完整、一致性的設計概念短文
Assignment 2 Page Paper on a Full and Unified Design Concept
22 檢查期末專題的進度: 繳交分析與概念文章;平面圖像技術教學
Check-in on the Progress of the Final Project: Graphic Technique Instruction as Required
 
23 討論專題4的概念文章
Project #4 Concept Papers Discussed
草圖修正
Revised Sketches
24 報告與評論修改過的草圖
Revised Sketches Presented and Critiqued
 
25 報告專題4的完整設計
Presentation of Completed Designs for Project #4
 
26 報告與討論期末專題
Presentation and Discussion of Final Projects
 

 


專題習作/敘述
Project Assignment/Description

五個作業中有四個可以選自下面:
These are the titles from which four of the five assignments will be chosen:

Strindberg, August 《父親》
Strindberg, August. The Father.

Apollinaire, Guillaume. 《蒂利希阿斯的胸脯》(1917年首演)
Apollinaire, Guillaume. The Breasts of Tiresias.

Cocteau, Jean. 《艾菲爾鐵塔的婚宴》1948。
Cocteau, Jean. The Eiffel Tower Wedding Party.

Lorca, Frederico Garcia. 《血婚:一劇》,紐約: Faber & Faber, 1997。
Lorca, Federico Garcia. Blood Wedding.

O'Neill, Eugene. 《長夜漫漫路迢迢》(1940完成)
O'Neill, Eugene. Long Day's Journer into Night.

Bartok, Bela (文字--Bela Balazs). 《藍鬍子的城堡》(單幕歌劇)
Bartok, Bela. (Text by Bela Balazs) Bluebeard's Castle. (One Act Opera)

Mascagni, Pietro (文字--Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti) 《鄉間騎士》(單幕歌劇)
Mascagni, Pietro. (Text by Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti) Cavalleria Rusticana. (One Act Opera)

Strauss, Richard(文字-- Hugo Von Hofmannsthal). 《失去影子的女人》 (歌劇的第一幕)
Strauss, Richard. (Text by Hugo von Hofmannsthal) Die Frau Ohne Schatten. (Act One of the Opera only)

第五個題目為本課的期末專題,由老師協助共同決定題目,並不限於以上清單。
The fifth title, serving as the course's final project, will be chosen by the student in collaboration with the Instructor, and is not limited to the list above.

每個指定的劇本都必須深度的閱讀,做大量的筆記紀錄劇本撰寫時社會氛圍和背景環境、主題與表演的實 際需求等。在文字論述中,每位學生須針對如何將戲劇實踐於舞台,提出自己的概念,並解釋與答辯所作的選擇:不論是根據作者的指引重建當時的場景,或是現代 版的重新詮釋,轉移事情地點等等。每個專題都需五堂課時間,包括廣泛的討論、修正與最後報告完整的設計作品。將於最後一堂課上報告期末專題作業,並答辯。
Each assigned play is to be read in depth with extensive notes taken concerning the mood, setting of the play as written, physical requirements of the action and theme. In a paper, each student will present his or her concept on how to realize the play on stage, explaining and defending all choices made, whether a totally traditional recreation of the author's directions or a contemporary retelling employing updating, transfer of the location of the action, etc. Each project then proceeds through five class sessions, involving extensive discussion, revision and final presentation of a completed design. The Final Project, will be presented and defended at the last regular class session.

學生作品 (完成的專題)
Sample student work (Completed Projects)
先繳交兩部分,餘下則於2005春季上課時繳交。
To come-two pieces immediately and the rest as the class is given next in Spring 2005.

學生範例作品
Examples of Student Work



以下為網路上的相關劇場資源連結:
The following are URLs to various theater resources on the internet:


英國劇場設計師學會

The Society of British Theater Designers


1850-1950美國劇場設計幻燈片導覽
Guide to the American Stage Designs slides, 1850-1950

國際劇場設計文獻
The International Theatre Design Archive

藝術山貓國際藝術資源網: 劇場資源
Artslynx International Arts Resources: Theater Resources

劇場技術用詞語辭彙表
Glossary of Technical Theater Terms

劇場的藝術與科學
The Art and Science of Theater

劇場與表演研究的網路資源簡介
Brief Guide to Internet Resources in Theatre and Performance Studies

舞台指導(雜誌)
Stage Directions

繪圖
Drawings

後台世界
Backstage World
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