380.726.81 免疫计划的问题解决(Problem Solving for Immunization Programs)


本页翻译进度

灯号说明

审定:无
翻译:廖想(简介并寄信)
编辑:张建(James Zhang)(简介并寄信)


© 1995 CCP, Courtesy of Photoshare

医疗工作者在尼泊尔为婴儿注射预防针。
A health worker immunizes an infant in Nepal.

师资

授课教师:
Michael McQuestion

上线日:

2004年冬季课程

回应

寄回对这门开放式课程的回应


课程描述

全世界所有的国家 ━ 即使是那些处於战火中的国家 ━ 都在协作保护5岁以下的儿童不死於那些可以用疫苗来预防的疾病。经过20多年的努力,全球的疫苗覆盖率已经超过了80%,骨髓灰质炎也即将成为第2种被消灭的传染病。在美国,疫苗的覆盖率更高,可以用疫苗来预防的疾病也已经罕见。虽然从来没有那么多的资源被用於预防接种,但仍然存在着不少问题。已经开发出来的高效疫苗并没有被大多数孩子用上。更令人忧心的是,由於种种原因,目前的高预防接种率有可能保持不住。

本课程的内容包括预防接种的基础,涉及到相关的公共卫生学、社会学以及经济学文献的综述,和用一种规范化的解决问题的方法来识别和分析常见的问题。课题包括在发达和发展中国家中疫苗运输的策略、项目的管理和监督、流行病监测、社区的叁与和疾病的根除。学生还将使用美国疾病控制中心的CASA软件来分析实际的预防接种数据。针对预防接种项目管理者和政策制订者们经常会碰到的一些问题,在完成本课程後,你将学会使用必要的工具或软件来找出和阐述具有创新性的解决方案。

Countries around the world - even those at war - are collaborating to ensure that children under the age of five don't die from diseases for which vaccines are available. In the past twenty years, global vaccine coverage has surpassed eighty percent, and a second disease, polio, is nearly eradicated. In the United States, coverage rates are even higher, and vaccine-preventible diseases are now rare. Never have so many resources been focused on immunization - yet problems remain. Additional, highly effective vaccines have been developed but still do not reach the majority of children. More worrisome, currently high immunization rates may be unsustainable for a number of reasons.

This material will cover immunization basics and survey the public health, sociological, and economic literature, identifying and analyzing common problems using a standard problem-solving approach. Topics will span developed and developing countries and will include vaccine-delivery strategies, program management and supervision, epidemiological surveillance, community participation, and disease eradication. Students will analyze actual vaccination data using the U.S. Center for Disease Control's CASA software program. Once you've completed the course, you should have gained the necessary tools to identify and formulate innovative solutions to common problems faced by immunization program managers and policymakers.


开放式课程提供的是约翰霍普金斯彭博公共卫生学院中所使用教材的部分。开放式课程的内容并不提供任何约翰霍普金斯彭博公共卫生学院的认证或是学分。

如果想要进一步了解可获得学分的课程,请洽http://commprojects.jhsph.edu/courses。开放式课程与这些学分课程不同,并不需要注册,也无法提供与教职员联络的管道。