182.626 热带环境卫生(Tropical Environmental Health)


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审定:无
翻译:刘至瑾(简介并寄信)
编辑:徐化宁(简介并寄信)、陈盈(简介并寄信)



师资

授课教师:
Clive Shiff

上线日:

2006年春季课程

提供

环境健康学系(Environmental Health Sciences)


课程描述

在地球上的许多地方,水供给不足及缺乏卫生设备是危害公共卫生的主要之源。尽管有国际供水十年(1980-1990)计划,然而计划实行后比实行前有更多的人缺乏达到最基本饮水标准的设施。这些地区没有改善的话,第三世界国家的卫生就不会有全面性改善的希望。然而现有技术足以解决这些问题。 可用基于村庄的方法来建造且维护一些简单且低成本的工程。这些方法已经应用于一些国家且为世界上比较贫穷的人们提供改善生活水平的基础。这是门实用的课程,课程设计说明实际的建造细节,提供有关于公共厕所的通风设备以及简单水泵的基本工作原理方面的知识。在课程最后,你会对于这些东西是怎么运作的以及该如何维护这些东西有清晰的概念。

在这门课程中, 我们将会讨论发展中国家因为设备落后所引发的问题。 我们也将检验与固体废弃物处理相关的问题并了解问题的严重性。最后将提出一些建议来改善这些问题……真正解决的方法为数并不多……

Inadequate water supplies and lack of sanitation facilities represent major hazards to the public health in many parts of the world. In spite of the International Water Supply Decade, (1980-1990) there are more people without facilities approaching minimum standards now than existed at the beginning of the program. Without improvements in these areas, there can be no hope that there will be an overall improvement in the health of the nations which constitute the Third World. Yet appropriate technologies do exist which can go a long way to ameliorate these problems. Simple, low cost projects can be built and maintained by village-based methods. These are being used in some countries and provide a basis for the improvement of living standards for the poorer people of the world. This is a practical course designed to demonstrate actual details of construction and provide a working knowledge of simple mechanisms involved in ventilating latrines and also on how simple pumps work. You should end with a good idea about how these tings work and how they can be maintained.

During this class we will be discussing some of the problems arising from poor facilities in many developing countries. We will examine problems associated with solid waste disposal and see the enormity of the problem. We will come up with some suggestions about how to ameliorate the problems... There are few real solutions....


开放式课程提供的是约翰霍普金斯彭博公共卫生学院中所使用教材的部分。开放式课程的内容并不提供任何约翰霍普金斯彭博公共卫生学院的认证或是学分。

如果想要进一步了解可获得学分的课程,请洽http://commprojects.jhsph.edu/courses。开放式课程与这些学分课程不同,并不需要注册,也无法提供与教职员联络的管道。